Therefore, the experts of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER) emphasize the need for these affected solar photoprotection creams used also in this time of year, although not shine.

Dr. Iñigo Rua-Figueroa, Rheumatology Service, Hospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Dr. Negrin, said that "we must not forget that the sun's rays are also present on cloudy days and the patient is sensitive to light, it is also the type ultraviolet A (UVA). "

In his view, it is right that these patients acquired habits of sun protection all year round, not just in summer, because, otherwise, they may suffer an outbreak of disease can be severe, affecting the internal organs such as kidneys.

The impression of many rheumatologists, according to detailed Rua Dr. Figueroa, "is that patients know the problem of photosensitivity, but often lack sufficient instruction in photoprotection, which goes beyond the proper use of sunscreens ".

Among other recommendations also insists on the need to apply sun protection cream several times a day. Also advised to use hats and clothing that covers the body in the exposed areas and avoid sun exposure between 10 am and 16 hours.

Also in other diseases besides lupus, scleroderma and in those affected have a vascular phenomenon-called Raynaud's phenomenon, which "is characterized by a closure of the blood vessels of the extremities caused by chilling. This leads to lack of irrigation, usually temporary but can sometimes cause serious injuries in the fingers. Therefore it is recommended to these patients usually take into account measures for protection against the cold, "as explained by the expert.

According to the specialist, but the advice should be individualized according to each disease and each case, a number of general recommendations for patients with autoimmune diseases. One of the most important is not to smoke, as the snuff any of these conditions worse and difficult to control, it is also a factor that increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Avoid strenuous exercise and stressful situations, and ensuring adequate calcium and vitamin D in the diet, either through diet or supplements.

To avoid outbreaks and ensure the best treatment is to get the most important thing in the hands of the appropriate professional.

According to Dr. Rúa-Figueroa, "ordinarily seek teams coordinated by the rheumatologist, and that this professional devotes much of its formative period to systemic autoimmune diseases. It requires, yes, the involvement of several specialists since with often are diseases that affect multiple organs. "