Ten tips to enjoy the sun safely
It is a disturbing fact because if it is true that the sun has beneficial effects on our mood, our health ..., you can also have serious adverse effects, and it is essential to apply a series of measures to protect us against them.
The medical adviser Cinfa, Aurora Garre, said that "the sun can cause irreversible damage to expose our skin if he does not take appropriate protective steps." The most frequent and visible injuries are burns and photoaging, caused by ultraviolet radiation (UVB) and UVA radiation, but Dr. Garre explained that "our skin can also suffer long-term injuries potentiated by radiation which does not feel The Infrared A (IR-A), which is about 20% of the solar radiation. It is a dry heat, as the temperature increases skin surface, not feel. Yet radiation plus ultraviolet very detrimental, because penetrate deeper layers of the skin, our cells attacking compounding the effects of UV radiation, causing premature aging and damage cellular DNA precursor of precancerous lesions of the skin such melanoma. "
Therefore, it is absolutely necessary fotoprotegerse in a correct and complete, since, as Cinfa ensures expert, "the skin has memory and sun damage accumulates over time. Well today means health care for tomorrow."
Decalogue for proper sun protection tips:
1. Prepare our defenses with a diet rich in antioxidants.
Antioxidants reinforce our skin's natural defenses against the aggressions of the sun. A diet rich in fruits and vegetables with vitamin E and vitamin C can help as well as an extra supply of these vitamins in the form of nutritional supplements. You can consult your pharmacist.
Two. Use sunscreens scientifically supported that protect against UVA, UVB and IR-A.
Depending on skin type, apply a sunscreen with SPF 30 or more. Only some sunscreens also include assets that fight the harmful effects of infrared radiation A.
Three. Using sunscreens correctly.
It is necessary to extend 30 minutes before sun and reapply every two hours and after bathing or drying them with the towel. Once opened, should be used in the given period to avoid losing their effectiveness.
April. View ultraviolet and infrared indices.
Before sun exposure, it is recommended that these levels information through channels such as the Spanish Meteorological Agency (AEMT). Help plan outdoor activities and avoid exposure in the days when radiation levels are more harmful.
May. Avoid sun exposure in the middle of the day.
The sun's rays are strongest between 12 am and 4 pm and therefore more damaging.
June. Protecting the body and head with loose clothing and a hat.
Protect other areas of the body that are often neglected and they also suffer the harmful effects of solar radiation, such as feet and ears.
July. Wear sunglasses to prevent eye damage.
It is necessary that the glasses have 100% protection against UV rays, as well as the certificate of having passed all European Union controls.
August. The shade, a good ally.
Make use of the shade in the open is a good measure photoresist. Remember that umbrellas, awnings and trees do not fully protect against solar radiation, so it will be necessary to apply protection.
9. Extreme caution in any outdoor activity.
The reflected solar radiation in case of snow (80%), sand (25%) and water or grass (10%) making them add their effects to impact directly on the skin. In these cases should be used with higher factors photoresists.
10. Protect all year.
Even in summer there are more daylight hours and increased levels of solar radiation, the sun's effects are present 365 days a year, even in winter when there is less sunlight or when it is cloudy, so it is necessary to protect forever.