Importance of early detection of hemophilia
In Spain it is estimated that more than 2,000 people with hemophilia
75% of cases remain undiagnosed and therefore untreated or not suitable
The General Pharmaceutical Council has prepared a technical report - available in portalfarma.com - with all the keys of this bleeding disorder
Madrid, April 17, 2013. - Today marks the World Hemophilia Day, established in 1989 by the World Federation of Hemophilia, a condition which in Spain is estimated to affect 2,000 people and may have other hidden thousands of cases and which, according to various studies, 75% of hemophiliacs are undiagnosed. This not only prevents adequate treatment, but can come to receive inadequate treatment. For this reason the pharmacy is essential in the early detection of this disease and in counseling and referral to specialists for suspected.
Furthermore, in order to contribute to the knowledge of this and other bleeding disorders, assist detection and report on prevention and treatment, the General Council of Official Colleges of Pharmacists has developed a technical report which reviews the history , clinical manifestations, and the role of pharmacists in the prevention and treatment, among others.
Hemophilia is an inherited disease in which the blood can not clot properly. This disease is transmitted when a child inherits from their parents a gene that is altered and this alteration can not be made to synthesize a particular clotting factor. Various coagulation factors which are responsible for the blood clot breaks when a vein or artery, vital process, because if there were, the individual could bleed to death in the case of cuts or punches.
Hemophilia is a disease that is more common in males, but females may act as carriers of the abnormal gene. Depending on the type and extent of coagulation factor deficiency to appear in the blood, will produce more or less severe symptoms. In all cases normal bruising and nosebleeds after a stroke or bleeding gums by brushing. Hemophiliacs, in the case of cuts, hard to stop hemorrhages, and in more severe cases, bleeding in the joints and kidneys. If the joints are filled with blood, there is a physical or osteoarthritis. When clotting factor levels are too low, are frequently bruised, even though there have been no hits.
The diagnosis of hemophilia must be performed by specialized physicians. When a coagulation factor appears in very small quantity or absent, can be diagnosed in newborn infants by the presence of bruises all over the body. If levels are not low, the disease may go unnoticed. Can also detect the presence of hemophilia following surgery or bleeding when they occur frequently. Regarding the treatment of hemophilia, currently there extractive forms and recombinant coagulation factors, which allow a suitable treatment.
Precautions and treatments
Individuals with hemophilia should take some precautions. Thus, they should be avoided if possible cuts or be hit with any object, and if you have bleeding that can not stop, must go to a hospital urgently. Similarly, should avoid uncontrolled consumption of various drugs such as painkillers and anti-inflammatories, such as aspirin, because they may enhance the occurrence of gastrointestinal bleeding. Pain management can be done with other analgesics that affect blood clotting least as acetaminophen. In addition, patients should tell a doctor if they have frequent bleeding or if they are slow to cut, to conduct tests that screen out or confirm the disease.
Ultimately, hemophilia is a disease that can be serious, but thanks to the preparations available and following a series of basic medical precautions, you can make a normal life.