|The World Health Day 2011, the World Health Organization (WHO) has warned that resistance to antimicrobials is becoming increasingly serious and many infections are more difficult to cure, which results in a prolonged and expensive as well as an increased risk of mortality.
WHO has called on governments, health professionals, industry, society and patients to act swiftly and in coordination with the aim of reducing the spread of resistance, limiting their impact and preserve current medical advances .
The Director General of WHO Margaret Chan, has launched a clear message: "Unless corrective measures are urgently protective, the world is heading for a postantibiotic era in which many common infections will not cure."
The WHO has suggested guidelines aimed at combating antimicrobial resistance, and implement a comprehensive national plan, strengthening disease surveillance capacity and promote the correct use of medicines, among others.
Antimicrobial resistance is a natural phenomenon by which microbes become resistant to the effects of drugs that should kill them.
As the organism reproduces, the carrier of the gene for resistance becomes dominant until the medication is ineffective. Misuse of anti-infective drugs favors the faster emergence of resistance.
The director of the Stop TB Department of WHO, Mario Raviglione, said that "in the past decade, WHO has undertaken many initiatives to address antimicrobial resistance and face, particularly in relation to some of the diseases deadliest in the world. "
The solution, according to the expert, are the "Partnership, led by governments in collaboration with civil society and health professionals", that "if they are responsible, can curb the threat of drug resistance poses to public health."