The document "Watch your gums ... especially if you smoke" reveals both the prevalence and the causes and harmful consequences of smoking on oral health and points out as one of the main triggers the vasoconstrictor effect of nicotine, as it reduces bleeding gums and, therefore, cancels one of the early warning signs about the presence of the disease.

The study was developed by David Herrera, vice president of the SEPA, Rafael Magan, a member of the Board of SEPA, and Isabel Santa Cruz, a researcher at the Faculty of Dentistry, University Complutense of Madrid. The document confirms that there is a direct relationship between the number of cigarettes smoked, the severity of the disease and response to treatment, and that smokers have higher levels of pathogenic bacteria in the periodontal and show a reduction in defense of the gum. In addition, it is also more common among smokers recurrence of the disease and the development of associated disorders, such as the occurrence of leukoplakia in the gums. The uncontrolled development of periodontal disease results in a loss of bone, and gum recession or tooth mobility, leading to even loss of teeth.

Thus, SEPA recommends that the smoker quit, because, according to David Herrera, "in only begins to recover 4-6 weeks gum revascularization, improves the response to periodontal treatment and progressively reduce all risks and related problems. "

For this reason, SEPA supports anti-smoking measures come into force in Spain from next year. For the smoker who kept his addiction, SEPA insists that there should be a more frequent review of your gums and should be properly informed and so insistent about these risks and limitations of therapy.