The work, coordinated by Dr. Josep Tarrés, notes that the asbestos-related diseases (ERA) also occur in people who were not employees but were in the areas of influence of a clean heart, and that the consequences of this exposure may appear until 20 years later.

Asbestos is a fibrous mineral that is considered carcinogenic agent used in industry, and its inhalation causes a variety of conditions, some non-lethal as plaques or pleural effusions and chronic airflow obstruction, bronchial, and other malignancies such as mesothelioma (cancer of the pleura) or carcinomas that result in cancer.

The study, published in Archives of bronchopneumonia, has reviewed and validated the 559 patients diagnosed with an asbestos-related disease in the affected area centers from 1970 to 2006 and ranked according to their source of exposure: occupational, or environmental coexistence .

The results show that as usual in uncontaminated area is 10 cases per year of asbestos-related illnesses per million inhabitants in the area near the plant have been studied more than 95.